Lake Itasca is regarded as the main source of the Mississippi River, in Clearwater county, northwestern Minnesota U.S. The lake, of glacial origin, covers an area of 1.7 square miles and has a maximum depth of 40 feet. From the lake's surface, which is 1,475 feet above sea level, the Mississippi flows southward 2,350 milesand steadily gains power and volume from its many thousands of tributaries across 31 states and two Canadian provinces until it reaches the Gulf of Mexico. It's said a drop of water in Minnesota will reach New Orleans in about 90 days.
The fur trader William Morrison may have been the first white man to visit the lake in 1803 or 1804. It was explorer and ethnologist. Henry Schoolcraft, however, who proposed Lake Itasca as the true source of the Mississippi in 1832. French explorer Joseph Nicollet surveyed the area in 1836 and confirmed Schoolcraft's claim. Some geologists, however, have believed that other glacial lakes in the region also supply the headwaters of the river.
Schoolcraft is generally credited with having coined the name Itasca from the Latin words veritas (“truth”) and caput (“head”). Native American legend, however, mentions I-tesk-ka, the daughter of Hiawatha, whose tears of anguish at being spirited away to the netherworld reputedly formed the source of the Mississippi . The 50-square-mile Itasca State Park was established around the Itasca basin in 1891.
Many people visit there each year to take their shoes off and wade across the Mighty Mississippi.
Picture submitted by Jessika Jones
©Wini Caudell and Contributors
All Rights Reserved